Submitted by cadre-editor on Thu, 10/18/2012 - 11:27.
The USAID Sexual HIV Prevention Programme (SHIPP) was designed in order to assist the Government of South Africa (GOSA) in implementing effective HIV combination-prevention programmes. The goal of this document is to provide a synthesis of what is known about the drivers of HIV infection and an understanding of HIV prevention needs, opportunities, challenges and priorities – for South Africa (SA) in general and for the three provinces of Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal (KZN) and Mpumalanga in particular.
The document is presented in two sections. The first, entitled ‘Situation analysis’, consists of seven categories of information: 1. The changing profile of the HIV epidemic in South Africa, 2. The epidemiology of HIV in the three focal provinces, 3. The vectors of sexually transmitted HIV infection, 4. Patterns of sexual association driving HIV infection, 5. Social conditions driving HIV infection, 6. Nodes of high HIV incidence, 7. Economic and environmental factors underlying susceptibility to HIV transmission
The second section is an HIV-prevention response-analysis focusing on six categories of information: 1. Bio-medical approaches to the prevention of sexual transmission of HIV, 2. Social and behavioural change communication, 3. Behaviour change, 4. Effectiveness of responses relevant to specific population and age groups, 5. Coverage and effectiveness of responses relevant to most-at-risk populations, 6. Implementation and effectiveness of community and structural interventions